Which Treats are Best for Training Guinea Pigs?
When training your guinea pig, there are several different foods that could potentially be used as training treats. Ideally, you will have at least 2 or 3 go-to treats that you can rotate between.
The treats you choose should be safe in higher quantities and healthy for your guinea pig. So no people food, fruits (too high in sugar!) or processed seed or sugar type of treats from the pet store. Vegetables typically are ideal, but stick to the ones that won’t cause bloating or discomfort from excess feeding.
Some examples of good treats to use (and how often to use them) for training are listed below. You can also find a list of foods to avoid for training at the bottom of this page.
Introducing New Foods to a Guinea Pig
When introducing new foods, don’t immediately jump straight into using them for training sessions. Start by offering small amounts, either from your hand or just leaving it in their cage for a while.
It can take some time for a guinea pig to accept something new and decide whether they like it or not. Once they have become familiar with the new food and their body has adjusted to it, break the food up into small pieces and spend some time feeding it to your guinea pig piece by piece from your hand.
If they will eagerly take every piece offered from your hand, you’re ready to start training with it.
Best Guinea Pig Training Treats
These vegetables are great treats to use for training your guinea pig. These veggies are low in calcium and safe to feed your guinea pigs daily or a few times a week. It is best to choose at least 2-3 of these treats and switch between them to add greater variety to your guinea pig’s diet.
- Bell peppers – red, yellow, orange, or green (bell peppers are high in vitamin C – great for guinea pigs!)
- Green leaf lettuce
- Red leaf lettuce
- Romaine lettuce (particularly the greenest, leafiest parts – they have the most nutrients and are tastiest to the guinea pigs)
- Belgian endive
- Boston (butterhead) lettuce
- Fresh grass from outside – only use grass you are certain is untreated.
Foods Good For Occasional Training
These foods are ideal for occasional short training sessions or rotated with other veggies. I wouldn’t use them frequently as one of your everyday go-to training treats, but if you temporarily run out of your regular veggies or if your piggy really loves them, they can be used here and there.
- Carrots (high in sugar)
- Dandelion Greens (healthy but high in calcium)
- Kale (healthy, high in calcium)
- Collard Greens (healthy, high in calcium)
- Cilantro (healthy, high in calcium)
- Parsley (healthy, high in calcium)
- Celery (with strings removed)
- Swiss Chard
- Tomatoes (only feed one cherry-sized tomato or equivalent amount of large tomato per day)
- Cabbage (can be gassy, so introduce slowly & don’t feed in huge amounts)
The lists above are not all-inclusive. Research any food you are unsure about to see how often it can be fed. Vegetables that can be fed daily or multiple times a week are often fine to use for training.
Avoid using vegetables that are very high in calcium on a daily basis. Dark leafy greens and herbs are healthy and high in Vitamin C but should be fed sparingly due to their calcium content. Veggies like this aren’t the best for regular training treats because they should really be fed in smaller amounts.
My Personal Favorite Guinea Pig Training Treats
Green leaf lettuce is currently my main go-to veggie for training sessions. The guinea pigs love it, and they can eat a bunch of it without any adverse effects. It’s also super easy to prepare (just rinse/dry and break off little pieces for treats.) I typically use one leaf per guinea pig per training session. I usually break off the green leafy parts to use for training and set aside the harder, lighter-colored middle piece. This part is higher in water, and guinea pigs don’t usually like it as much.
Bell peppers are great but tend to be juicy and sticky. I previously used bell peppers on a daily basis for training sessions but switched over to romaine lettuce mainly because of the stickiness and extra time it takes to prepare bell peppers (cutting them up into dozens of little cube pieces.) I still like to use bell peppers of all colors for training as a second option to lettuce because they are high in vitamin C and very healthy for guinea pigs. Just make sure you have a small, easy to clean bowl to put them in while you’re training. 1/8 to 1/4 of the pepper (depending on the size of the pepper) per pig per training session is ideal.
Carrots are loved by many guinea pigs but are best for occasional training only. If your piggy really loves them, you can use them for tricks that are more difficult for your guinea pig as extra motivation. It takes guinea pigs a little longer to chew carrots in comparison to lettuce or bell peppers, so training might not progress as quickly as when you’re using something like lettuce (which only takes a second or two for piggies to suck in.) Carrots can be cut up into guinea pig bite-sized pieces, or you can use a big carrot and give them a nibble or two every time as a reward.
Treats to Avoid for Training Your Guinea Pig
These foods should not be used for training sessions. Training involves a fair amount of food, so anything that is best fed in smaller quantities (or not at all) should be avoided as training treats.
- People food (aside from raw vegetables)
- Fruits (too high in sugar for training – best as an occasional treat)
- Packaged pet store treats. Some of these (such as yogurt drops and seed treats) are not healthy for guinea pigs in any quantity, and others are best used as an occasional treat
- Iceberg lettuce – Not much nutritional value for guinea pigs
Sum it up
There are many options when it comes to training treats, but ultimately, the best option is to rotate between a few favored veggies to ensure your guinea pig maintains a healthy balanced mix of vitamins and minerals in their diet.
Once you’ve chosen your guinea pig’s favorite treats, it’s time to start training! Check out this article on 10 Easiest Tricks to Teach Your Guinea Pig First to get started on the right paw!